Give the reasons for the migration of the Cushites into Kenya before 1800

Give five reasons, which led to the migration of the Cushites into Kenya before 1800

  1. Need for pasture for their animals
  2. Population pressure
  3. External attacks
  4. Outbreak of disease
  5. Family and clan feuds
  6. Escape from drought and famine
  7. Spirit of Adventure
  8. Search for fertile land

 Describe the economic activities of the Cushites in the pre – colonial period

Economic activities of the Cushites in the pre-colonial period

  1. The Cushites practiced pastoralism. They kept camels, goats, cattle and donkeys
  2. Some of Cushites who lived in oasis and along the river valleys practiced subsistence agriculture
  3. They grew grain crops, vegetables, dates and bananas
  4. They practiced iron smelting; They made iron eg swords, knives, bangles and arrowheads
  5. They hunted wild game, gathered rots, vegetables and fruits
  6. They engaged in craft industry. For example produced leather items such as handbags, belts and clothing
  7. Some of the Cushites who lived near rivers, and along the Indian Ocean practiced fence traps and hooks and line
  8. They traded with their neighbours such as the Samburu and Pokomo. They trade in iron implements and leather products

Factors that led to the migration and Settlement of Cushites into Kenya

Results of Cushites migration into Kenya

Effects of Cushites migration into Kenya

  1. The cushites intermarried with the communities they found in the areas where they settled.
  2. Trade developed between the cushites and other tribes, example they exchanged livestock products such as milk and butter with the Bantu and in return they obtained grains from the Bantu.
  3. The Bantu borrowed some to the cultural practices of the cushites e.g. Circumcision.
  4. The cushites came with their own livestock and so encouraged livestock farming in areas where they settled.
  5. Cushites learnt mixed farming.
  6. The cushites attacked the Eastern Bantu communities who had settled at shungwaya, and forced them to move to their present homeland in Kenya.
  7. Their settlement led to increased rivalry and conflicts for ownership of land.
  8. Some cushites who had been converted to Islam spread the religion in the areas where they settled.
  9. The cushites attacked the Eastern Bantu communities who had settled at shungwaya, and forced them to move to their present homeland in Kenya.
  10. The cushites intermarried with the communities they found in the areas where they settled in Kenya.

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